Publication ENTROPIE dans HORIZON IRD

https://www.documentation.ird.fr/fdi/horizon-rss/UR250

16 sept. 2021
The drive towards improving tsunami risk mitigation has intensified along many populated coastlines. Like many islands in the Pacific Ocean, the coastal population of New Caledonia is exposed to tsunamis triggered by powerful earthquakes. Intersecting exh…
16 sept. 2021
In contrast to most Caribbean corals, the mustard hill coral Porites astreoides Lamarck, 1816 has seen its relative coverage increasing across its distribution range in recent years. Interpreting the reasons of such success remains, however, challenging. …
16 sept. 2021
The resilience of coral reefs is dependent on the ability of corals to settle after disturbances. While crustose coralline algae (CCA) are considered important substrates for coral settlement, it remains unclear whether coral larvae respond to CCA metabol…
16 sept. 2021
Reef-building corals generally thrive in nutrient-poor tropical waters, where among other elements, nitrogen (N) availability often limits primary productivity. In addition to their close association with endosymbiotic dinoflagellates of the family Symbio…
16 sept. 2021
Deep learning has become a key tool for the automated monitoring of animal populations with video surveys. However, obtaining large numbers of images to train such models is a major challenge for rare and elusive species because field video surveys provid…
16 sept. 2021
Understanding the ecological mechanisms underpinning distribution patterns is vital in managing populations of mobile marine species. This study is a first step towards an integrated description of the habitats and spatial distributions of marine predator…
16 sept. 2021
Climate change will alter the distribution of tuna, impacting the economies of Pacific Small Island Developing States. This study finds that greater greenhouse gas emissions will worsen these impacts. Climate-driven redistribution of tuna threatens to dis…
16 sept. 2021
Seagrass beds are increasingly impacted by human activities in coastal areas, particularly in tropical regions. The objective of this research program was to study seagrass beds characteristics under various environmental conditions in the French Antilles…
30 août 2021
Land use (LU) and land cover (LC) are two complementary pieces of cartographic information used for urban planning and environmental monitoring. In the context of New Caledonia, a biodiversity hotspot, the availability of up-to-date LULC maps is essential…
30 août 2021
Underwater cameras are widely used to monitor marine biodiversity, and the trend is increasing due to the availability of cheap action cameras. The main bottleneck of video methods now resides in the manual processing of images, a time-consuming task requ…
30 août 2021
The short-term response of humpback whales to boat approach and remote biopsy sampling was investigated in a breeding ground according to age-class, sex, female reproductive status, social context, sampling system, habitat, and repeated sampling with more…
30 août 2021
Machine learning algorithms are often used to model and predict animal habitat selection-the relationships between animal occurrences and habitat characteristics. For broadly distributed species, habitat selection often varies among populations and region…
30 août 2021
Background Improving the knowledge and understanding of the environmental determinants of malaria vector abundance at fine spatiotemporal scales is essential to design locally tailored vector control intervention. This work is aimed at exploring the envir…
30 août 2021
Genera and species of the tribes Rhipileae and Rhipiliopsideae are abundant in most coral reef ecosystems worldwide. However, the group has been largely overlooked, and very little genetic data is available to accurately assess its diversity, phylogenetic…
30 août 2021
Ecosystem models forced by future climate simulations outputs from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) simulate a substantial decline of tropical marine animal biomass over the course of the 21st century. Regional projections are how…
30 août 2021
The intensity and frequency of coral bleaching events have increased worldwide especially due to thermal stress and seawater pollution. Although it has been observed that metal concentration in seawater can affect the coral's ability to adopt cellular def…
30 août 2021
Dramatic declines in reef shark populations have been documented worldwide in response to human activities. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) offer a useful mechanism to protect these species and their roles in coral reef ecosystems. The effectiveness of MPAs…
30 août 2021
The culture of seaweed for the food and cosmetics industry is central to many rural households in Indonesia. The activity has vastly expanded in the past three decades, but in some cases, an opposite trend is now emerging. Spaceborne images were used to m…
30 août 2021
Connectivity affects species demography, (meta)population dynamics, evolution, phylogeny and biogeography. Various methodological approaches are applied to measure connectivity. Biophysical modelling can explore systematically the influence of atmospheric…
1 juil. 2021
Although fish is an important source of nutrients, including some of the healthiest proteins, long-chain fatty acids, and essential selenium, species at the top of the food chain frequently contain large amounts of toxic mercury (Hg). The provisional tole…
1 juil. 2021
In an era of major environmental changes, understanding corals' resistance to bleaching is as crucial as it is challenging. A promising framework for inferring corals' trophic strategies from Stable Isotope Bayesian Ellipses has been recently proposed to …
1 juil. 2021
Seagrass ecosystems provide critical contributions (goods and perceived benefits or detriments) for the livelihoods and wellbeing of Pacific Islander peoples. Through in-depth examination of the contributions provided by seagrass ecosystems across the Pac…
1 juil. 2021
Seagrass ecosystems exist throughout Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs). Despite this area covering nearly 8% of the global ocean, information on seagrass distribution, biogeography, and status remains largely absent from the scientific lite…
1 juil. 2021
The choice of ecological monitoring methods and descriptors determines the effectiveness of a program designed to assess the state of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we comparer the relative performance of the traditional Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method…
14 juin 2021
Dams and other man-made barriers impair upstream fish migration and thus threaten fish populations that need access to upper river reaches to complete their life cycle. For many years, fishways have been used to mitigate this impact. Fishways around the g…
14 juin 2021
Udoteaceae is a morphologically diverse family of the order Bryopsidales. Despite being very widespread geographically, this family is little known as compared with the closely related Halimedaceae or Caulerpaceae. Using the most extensive Udoteaceae coll…
14 juin 2021
Anthropogenic and natural impacts threaten the sustainability of ecosystem services provided by the ocean and its coastlines. Coral reefs are an endangered and important component of the tropical realm. Coral reef science, management and conservation prog…
14 juin 2021
Seascape ecology, the marine-centric counterpart to landscape ecology, is rapidly emerging as an interdisciplinary and spatially explicit ecological science with relevance to marine management, bio-diversity conservation, and restoration. While important …
9 juin 2021
ReefTEMPS is a coastal waters observation network in the South, West and Southwest Pacific region for long-term monitoring of climate change and its effects on the status of coral reefs and their resources. It provides open access to in sit…