Publication ENTROPIE dans HORIZON IRD

https://www.documentation.ird.fr/fdi/horizon-rss/UR250

12 janv. 2022
Les îlots coralliens de la mer de Corail hébergent d'importantes colonies d'une diversité d'oiseaux marins tropicaux. Les atolls de Chesterfield-Bampton et Bellona au centre de la mer de Corail ont été identifiés comme zone de reproduction importante pour…
12 janv. 2022
Un dugong blessé a été rencontré en surface dans le lagon sud-ouest de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Celui-ci, incapable de fuir, présentait une quasi-section d'un des deux lobes de la nageoire caudale, blessure attribuée à une morsure unique par un requin-tigre…
11 janv. 2022
We describe the development and application of a new convolutional neural network-based photo-identification algorithm for individual humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). The method uses a Densely Connected Convolutional Network (DenseNet) to extract…
11 janv. 2022
On 5 December 2018, a magnitude M-w 7.5 earthquake occurred southeast of Mare, an island of the Loyalty Islands archipelago, New Caledonia. This earthquake is located at the junction between the plunging Loyalty Ridge and the southern part of the Vanuatu …
11 janv. 2022
Culture presents a second inheritance system by which innovations can be transmitted between generations and among individuals. Some vocal behaviours present compelling examples of cultural evolution. Where modifications accumulate over time, such a proce…
2 déc. 2021
The ecological success of corals depends on their association with microalgae and a diverse bacterial assemblage. Ocean acidification (OA), among other stressors, threatens to impair host-microbial metabolic interactions that underlie coral holobiont func…
2 déc. 2021
Relationships between body shape and escape performance are well established for many species. However, organisms can face multiple selection pressures that might impose competing demands. Many fishes use fast starts for escaping predator attacks, whereas…
2 déc. 2021
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that is mediated by complex crosstalk between immune cells and keratinocytes (KCs). Emerging studies have showed a specific psoriatic microRNAs signature, in which miR-21 is one of the most upregulated and …
2 déc. 2021
Despite their ecological role and multiple contributions to human societies, the distribution of Indo-Pacific seagrasses remains poorly known in many places. Herein, we outline a hierarchical spatially-explicit assessment framework to derive nation-wide s…
2 déc. 2021
To achieve high accuracy bathymetry retrieval using remote sensing images with robust performance in a 0 to 25 m-deep lagoon with sharp bottom depth variations, a new Iterative Multiple Band Ratio (IMBR) algorithm is tested against known Multiple Band Rat…
2 déc. 2021
The Great Reef of Toliara, on the southwestern coast of Madagascar, has been documented as harbouring flourishing reef communities in the 1960s, but has since been affected by various threats, causing a coral decline last reported in 2008. In 2017, we exa…
11 nov. 2021
ReefTEMPS est un réseau d'observation des eaux côtières dans la région du Pacifique Sud, Ouest et Sud-Ouest pour le suivi à long terme du changement climatique et de ses effets sur l'état des récifs coralliens et de leurs ressources. Le système d'informat…
9 nov. 2021
The brown algal genus Lobophora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) is an important ecological component of tropical marine systems. Although still scantily sampled, 35 species of Lobophora were discovered previously from the western Indian Ocean. This study upda…
9 nov. 2021
Hunting is a major threat to many species of wildlife. However, managing hunting systems to ensure their sustainability requires a thorough demographic knowledge about the impact of hunting. Here we develop a framework integrating ecological, modelling an…
9 nov. 2021
Ocean acidification is posing a threat to calcifying organisms due to the increased energy requirements of calcification under high CO2 conditions. The ability of scleractinian corals to cope with future ocean conditions will thus depend on their ability …
9 nov. 2021
According to current experimental evidence, coral reefs could disappear within the century if CO2 emissions remain unabated. However, recent discoveries of diverse and high cover reefs that already live under extreme conditions suggest that some corals mi…
9 nov. 2021
The currents flowing across the rim of the atoll of Raroia were investigated with a 1 year-long dataset of wave, water level and currents. Offshore waves break on the edge of the reef outside the atoll's rim and drive current into the lagoon, through the …
27 oct. 2021
Les atolls Chesterfield-Bampton et Bellona, jusqu'ici préservés par leur éloignement des activités humaines, comptent parmi les derniers refuges de la biodiversité marine tropicale. L'importance des îlots et cayes sableuses de ces atolls pour la conservat…
5 oct. 2021
Millions of people's livelihoods rely on artisanal fisheries. However, in many regions fishers are increasingly facing ciguatera poisoning, a seafood-borne illness. The toxin, produced by benthic dinoflagellates, can spread through marine food webs and to…
5 oct. 2021
Cystoseira sensu lato (Class Phaeophyceae, Order Fucales, Family Sargassaceae) forests play a central role in marine Mediterranean ecosystems. Over the last decades, Cystoseira s.l. suffered from a severe loss as a result of multiple anthropogenic stresso…
26 sept. 2021
ReefTEMPS is a coastal ocean observatory in the South, South West and West Pacific that provides long-term monitoring of climate change and its effects on the status of coral reefs and their resources. The network has been deploying sensors for temperatur…
26 sept. 2021
ReefTEMPS is a coastal ocean observatory in the South, South West and West Pacific that provides long-term monitoring of climate change and its effects on the status of coral reefs and their resources. The network has been deploying sensors for tem…
16 sept. 2021
The drive towards improving tsunami risk mitigation has intensified along many populated coastlines. Like many islands in the Pacific Ocean, the coastal population of New Caledonia is exposed to tsunamis triggered by powerful earthquakes. Intersecting exh…
16 sept. 2021
In contrast to most Caribbean corals, the mustard hill coral Porites astreoides Lamarck, 1816 has seen its relative coverage increasing across its distribution range in recent years. Interpreting the reasons of such success remains, however, challenging. …
16 sept. 2021
The resilience of coral reefs is dependent on the ability of corals to settle after disturbances. While crustose coralline algae (CCA) are considered important substrates for coral settlement, it remains unclear whether coral larvae respond to CCA metabol…